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By constantine70043805, Feb 6 2020 12:41PM

Pavement Maintenance – Prevention or Repair?

The phrase “pavement maintenance” can mean a lot of things, ranging from simple cleaning or restriping up to fixing severe distresses like potholes and washouts. Maintenance can also involve different approaches, based on whether the emphasis is on repairing distresses or preventing them before they happen. We’ll explore the essential concept of pavement maintenance and the different types of activities that fit under this umbrella.

Maintenance Work and Pavement Life

One goal all maintenance activities have in common is extending the life of the pavement. Pavements are increasingly being designed for longer service lives, and longer-lasting pavements mean more opportunity for maintenance over the life of the pavement structure. To demonstrate the value of a long life pavement, it needs to show a lower life cycle cost than traditional alternatives, factoring in both the initial construction cost and ongoing maintenance over its functional life. In this approach, keeping pavement maintenance costs down is helpful to the success and viability of the design. That doesn’t necessarily mean that maintenance should be less frequent, but the maintenance activities must be cost-effective.

An important aspect for cost-effective maintenance over the pavement life cycle is the selection and timing of maintenance activities. Using the right maintenance treatment at the right time will help you get the maximum benefit. This depends partly on the condition of the pavement and where it is in its life cycle.

Under most circumstances, the condition of a pavement over time can be represented by a curve similar to the one shown above. The worse its condition gets, the more expensive the treatment required to restore the pavement to good condition, so you want to apply an appropriate treatment in the right general area on this curve. A relatively inexpensive preventive maintenance treatment earlier in the pavement’s life cycle, while it may only bring a slight improvement in the condition of the pavement, still makes a tremendous difference if you consider that it may postpone or avoid the need for a much more expensive treatment later on.

Categories of Pavement Maintenance

There are several categories of pavement maintenance activity, and the concept is also often discussed in connection with related topics, including pavement preservation, rehabilitation, and reconstruction. To better understand pavement maintenance, it helps to have an idea of how these terms are commonly used, otherwise they may seem overlapping and confusing. The following definitions are used by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA):

Pavement preservation: Programs and activities employing a network level, long term strategy that enhances pavement performance by using an integrated, cost-effective set of practices that extend pavement life, improve safety, and meet road user expectations.

Pavement rehabilitation: Structural enhancements that extend the service life of an existing pavement and/or improve its load-carrying capacity.

Pavement reconstruction: Replacement of the entire existing pavement structure by the placement of the equivalent or increased pavement structure.

Pavement maintenance is normally distinguished from pavement rehabilitation, because maintenance treatments do not significantly change the structural or load-carrying capacity of the pavement. Preventive maintenance is one of the biggest components of a pavement preservation program, while other types of maintenance may not be considered preservation. Here are some definitions the FHWA uses for different categories of maintenance:

Preventive maintenance: A planned strategy of cost-effective treatments to an existing roadway system and its appurtenances that preserves the system, retards future deterioration, and maintains or improves the functional condition of the system (without significantly increasing the structural capacity).

Corrective maintenance: Activities performed in response to the development of a deficiency or deficiencies that negatively impact the safe, efficient operations of the facility and future integrity of the pavement section.

Routine maintenance: Work that is planned and performed on a routine basis to maintain and preserve the condition of the system or to respond to specific conditions and events that restore the system to an adequate level of service.

Preventive maintenance is most effective when a pavement is structurally sound and exhibits little or no distress. Examples of preventive maintenance activities include surface treatments such as chip seals or slurry seals, along with thin (non-structural) overlays. When pavement distress is already present, repairs in the form of corrective maintenance may be more appropriate. This includes treatments such as pothole repair and patching, along with joint replacement or slab replacement for rigid pavements. Smaller activities like cleaning roadside ditches or crack filling may be considered routine maintenance.

Prevention and Repair

Ideally, pavement maintenance would be mostly preventive, so that the pavement surface is always in good shape and distresses are never present. A well-planned maintenance program, in conjunction with a pavement management system, can help achieve this in a cost-effective way. At the same time, it’s wise to ensure that you have the capacity to make repairs when necessary. This will help you respond to unforeseen developments and maintain the structural integrity of the system. You might say that a complete pavement maintenance philosophy isn’t just about prevention or repair, it should cover both.

Sources: https://pavementinteractive.org/

By constantine70043805, Jan 8 2019 02:37PM

Winter time in the northeast means snow and ice events over the next 3 months. As a home owner or business owner you may need to ask yourself; should I be using salt or ice melt?

Rock Salt

This has been the go-to product for melting ice during the winter months of the year. Unbeknown to many people, rock salt (also known as halite) is basically sodium chloride in mineral form. It works by penetrating the surface of ice thus forming a strong solution of water and salt, which is commonly referred to as brine. Since salt and brine’s freezing point is significantly lower than that of water, the ice will start melting, and won’t form again provided that adequate rock salt is available. Typically, rock salt establishes grit and gravel particles that increase traction on driveways, walkways, and even stairs.

Pros and Cons of Rock Salt

Rock salt remains one of the cheapest ice melting products. It is also readily available in retail outlets except when there are extreme shortages due to weather. This means homeowners should think ahead and purchase before they need it What’s more, rock salt can effectively be used to prevent the accumulation of salt in surfaces since it has a low freezing point of 25 degrees Fahrenheit.

Despite its effectiveness, several factors ought to be considered before choosing rock salt. This product may be harmful to plant life. Therefore, it shouldn’t be used near vegetated areas. Rock salt is similarly dangerous to pets since it causes gastrointestinal disorders when ingested.

Ice Melt

Ice melt products are made from magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, potassium chloride or sodium chloride. Ice melt made from calcium chloride is the most effective, and also the most widely used. Ice melt differs from rock salt because it is more pet friendly. In addition, it doesn’t harm plant life as much as rock salt. Nonetheless, some ice melt is coated with Calcium Magnesium Acetate (CMA) to make it safer.

Pros and Cons of Ice Melts

Most ice melting products that contain calcium chloride have the ability to lower the freezing point of water. Ice melt not only forms brine but also has the ability to generate chemical heat. This means it is effective at melting ice, and also does this faster than other products. Besides this, there are different varieties of ice melts, all of which serve different purposes.

Ultimately the choice is up to you. Ice melt will offer other benefits in addition to melting the snow/ice. If you have pets you may consider the additional benefits of ice melt. Of course there is always a price tag along with additional benefits.

By constantine70043805, Sep 10 2018 05:29PM

July 22 2018

We had a blast up at New Hampshire Motor Speedway. The car looked awesome. We had to wait out the rain but it was all worth it in the end. We spent most of the day in the garage and walking around the infield. We got to meet Matt, tour the hauler, and watch the race from the top of the pit box. Matt started 31st, and finished 15th. Check out some of the pictures from our trip.

By constantine70043805, Mar 15 2018 12:07PM

Money

Sealcoating will lower your cost on asphalt over time. Taking care of your pavement will prevent costly repairs or replacement. Maintenance is the name of the game. Just like changing the oil in your vehicle. Sealcoating helps protect your asphalt surface for pennies on the dollar. Asphalt exponentially deteriorates if you do not address any issues. Asphalt contains oils, sand, and aggregate. Over time without protection those oils will dry out and begin to oxidize. Asphalt is naturally flexible. Overtime it will lose its flexibility and either crack or become brittle which can lead to unraveling.

Weather

Sealcoat protects the asphalt surface from the sun. The sun has UV rays which will cause the damage like I had talked about above. Think of it as a more permanent Sun block. It also acts as a water barrier. Providing a smoother surface for water to run off your surface into proper drains rather than creating damaging pot holes or cracks.

Chemical Protection

Asphalt sealer acts as a protective coating to all chemicals. Some of the more popular include salt, motor oil, antifreeze, gas or diesel. These chemicals provide properties to aid in the deterioration of your asphalt surface.

Appearance

Naturally sealer looks amazing on any residential and commercial application. The asphalt gets that clean jet black look it has right after it has been paved. It makes any home or parking lot instantly stand out.

I have included an estimated cost savings over time with regular asphalt maintenance. Do not hesitate to address and asphalt issues you may have. With anything it gets worse overtime and before you know it you may wish you had acted upon reading this article. Don’t let me say I told you so.

There is also a good illustration of how the sealer acts as a barrier/protectant to the asphalt

Spring is around the corner, well see you soon!

pavement life cycle
pavement life cycle

illustration unsealed VS. sealed
illustration unsealed VS. sealed

By constantine70043805, Jan 8 2018 04:18PM

We lost my Grandfather Bill Constantine Sr. on 1/4/18 to a battle with cancer. My Grandfather helped my father buy Constantine Sealing back in 1979. When I say ‘I wouldn’t be here without my Grandfather,’ that would be an understatement. Not only would this opportunity have not existed but my Grandfather has unconditionally helped me out regardless of any situation in my life, good or bad. I am 30 years old and he has been there every step of the way in my life. He was ready to drop anything, at any given time, to help me or anyone else out that he could. That is the type of person he was. He owned and managed Constantine Hardware of which most of you have visited or have had a lawn mower or snow blower repaired there. You could usually find him out front with a big smile on his face because he was just a happy person. A person anyone could have benefited from knowing or following his example. His heart was full of love for his family and friends. I wanted to share with you a few of my favorite memories of my Grandfather.

1) We used to visit him at the Hardware store quite regularly when we were younger. He had the coolest hardware store imaginable because there were toys, bikes, trains, candy etc. It was full of awesome kids’ stuff and of course, my Grandfather, who just couldn’t get enough of all his Grandkids. He had this whiskey barrel out front of the store which was filled with sand. Every time we would come down to visit he would hide quarters in there when we weren’t looking and tell us to dig for them. We would usually use our quarters for the candy machines or kept them for our piggy banks. Just imagine yourself at 4,5,6 year of age digging in the sand to find money... Obviously something I’ll never forget.

2) My brothers and I used to play outside every nice day we could. One day we decided to race our bikes down the hill in our backyard. I wasn’t going to lose to my little brothers so there was no way I was planning on using my brakes, ever. Somehow my bike slipped on all the pine needles from one of the trees and I smashed my face into my handlebars. My nose was bleeding, I was crying, my brother Kyle ran to get my mom… not like she wasn’t used to it at this point. My father was working so she called my grandfather to come over and check on me. He came over and had this comforting presence about him. I felt like when he was there any situation was going to be okay. He started making jokes and got me to laugh and calm down. He put some ice on it and made sure it wasn’t broken (even though today it’s still a little crooked). I remember sitting on the deck; I was bleeding everywhere just looking at him looking at me making sure everything was okay. Which is what the guy always did…

3) One day at the beach he let me take his boat over to Block Island with a few of my friends. Everything was going great, no breakdowns and we were keeping the boat clean. We had a good day over on the island and came back in the afternoon. We got back to the pond and made it through the breach way when one of my friends fell into the windshield and broke it right before we got back to the dock. I was so mad because it wasn’t my fault and the first time he lets me take the boat, I broke it! So after everyone got off I cleaned it and went to the house and said “Pop, we had a little problem. I broke the windshield on the boat” and he looks at me and said “if that’s the only thing you broke then we don’t have any problems.” I offered to pay for it and fix it and he refused to take any of my money. Making sure i was alright and didn’t feel bad was his priority, the boat was secondary.

4) I bought a house in 2014. That summer my water heater started leaking when I wasn’t home. Fast forward a few hours later, I find a flooded basement. I call my Dad for guidance who was busy at work. He told me to call my Grandfather, who I should have just called in the first place. It was 9:00 pm and I knew he had to be relaxing but 10 minutes later he was at my front door with a box of tools ready to fix the problem. He showed me where the shut off was and we turned off the water, hooked a hose to the water heater to drain anything left in the pipes so it didn’t make the basement any worse and started pumping water out. The guy could fix anything, anytime, anywhere.

As you can see my Grandfather had many qualities you would look for in a Grandfather, father, husband, brother, uncle, local business owner, town councilman, fire commissioner, chamber of commerce leader, community advocate, etc. He was a role model to me and I admired everything about the guy. I know that I will miss him along with the rest of our family and our community.

You can click to read the obituary from the Hartford Courant. Service hours are from 4-7 at Mulryan’s Funeral Home 725 Hebron Ave Glastonbury CT In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Marine Corps League Peter P. Monaco, Jr., Detachment 40 at Mcldet40.org.

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